Uses supported by clinical data
Uses described in pharmacopoeias and well established documents
Symptomatic treatment of dyspepsia, bloating and fl atulence. As an expectorant for mild infl ammation of the upper respiratory tract. Treatment of pain in scrotal hernia, and dysmenorrhoea.
Uses described in traditional medicine
Treatment of blepharitis, bronchitis, constipation, conjunctivitis, diabetes, diarrhoea, dyspnoea, fever, gastritis, headache, pain, poor appetite and respiratory and urinary tract infections. As an aphrodisiac, anthelminthic,
emmenagogue, galactagogue and vermicide.
The fruits are contraindicated in cases of known sensitivity to plants in the Apiacaeae. Owing to the potential estrogenic effects of the essential oil from the seeds and anethole (44, 45, 50), its traditional use as an emmenagogue, and the lack of human studies demonstrating effi cacy, Fructus Foeniculi should not be used in pregnancy. Pure essential oils should not be given to infants and young children owing to the danger of laryngeal spasm, dyspnoea and central nervous system excitation.
The pure essential oil from the fruits may cause infl ammation, and has an irritant action on the gastrointestinal tract.