Uses supported by clinical data
Treatment of digestive complaints (e.g. dyspepsia, feeling of fullness, flatulence, nausea, stomach ache and vomiting). Adjunct treatment of mild to moderate hypercholesterolaemia.
Uses described in pharmacopoeias and well established documents
Orally for the treatment of atherosclerosis and kidney dysfunctions (diuretic). One study has indicated that the crude drug may be of benefit for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome, but further randomized controlled clinical trials are needed before any therapeutic recommendations can be made.
Uses described in traditional medicine
Oral treatment of anaemia, diabetes, fever, gout, rheumatism and urinary stones.
Hypersensitivity or allergies to artichokes and other plants from the Compositae/Asteraceae, and obstruction of the bile ducts.
Possible interaction with coumarin-type anticoagulants.