Ginger / Zingiber officinale

Zingiber officinale
Rhizoma Zingiberis

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A Review on Zingiber officinale Jyotsna Dhanik, Neelam Arya and Viveka Nand

Abstract Spice and medicinal plants gained an important role in agronomy production, pharmacy and exportation because of their increased use as a raw material for the pharmaceutical industry and in the everyday life.

Ginger, the rhizome of Zingiber officinale, species of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) has a long history of medicinal use for more than 2000 years as one of the most versatile medicinal plants having a wide spectrum of biological activity and a common condiment for various foods and beverages.

The medicinal properties of ginger are due to the presence of gingerol and paradol, shogaols, etc. Currently, there is a renewed interest in ginger, and several scientific investigations aimed at isolation, identification of active constituents, scientific verification of its pharmacological actions for treatment of several diseases and conditions.

This article aims at reviewing the most salient recent reports on ethnobotany, pharmacology, phytochemistry and biological activities of Z. officinale.

Keywords: Z. officinale, Pharmacology, Phytochemicals, Nutritional profile, Zingerone

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Zingiber offcinale monograph



Najim A. Jabir Al-Awwadi
College of Pharmacy, Thi-Qar University, Iraq.
Received 21 April, 2017; Accepted 9 June, 2017.

Ginger has been known for its several scientific properties and valued for the last 2500 years in different parts of the globe. Ginger has rich phytochemistry and several health promoting perspectives. In ginger family, Zingiber officinalis is one of most widely used species and it is found in several foods and beverages.

Ginger has been used commonly to treat diarrhea, stomach upset, indigestion and nausea. It also has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Ginger constituents are 80% moisture, 2% protein, 2% fiber, 1% mineral, 0.9% fat, and 12% carbohydrate. The chemistry of ginger is well documented with the respect to the oleoresin and volatile oil. It is concluded that, ginger has potential to treat numerous disorders including cancer due to its anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties.

It is also useful in controlling the process of aging. This scientific review favors ginger due to its rich phytochemistry; however, due to some ambiguities, it is recommended to conduct clinical trials of ginger with sound protocol design before claiming its efficacy.

Key words: Ginger, Zingiber officinalis, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant.

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