- Clinical data 35%
- Efficacy 55%
- Security 80%
- Toxicity 30%
Yoloxóchitl Talauma mexicana
Yoloxóchitl Talauma mexicana (DC.) G. Don.
Yoloxóchitl, aguacote, árbol de corazón, flor de corazón, magnolia, súchil, yolosóchil; Oaxaca: ita ndix (mixteco); Puebla: kuwisana (totonaco), kuwi xa’nat, yoloshanat; Veracruz: moniacuy,moñiacuy, sochil moynacoy.
Yoloxóchitl It is a large tree up to 30m high. The leaves have a bright light green color on the obverse, and the reverse side is yellowish green; they resemble leather in its consistency; It has solitary white flowers, which are showy and large. The fruits are also large and the seeds bright red.
Originally from Mexico and western Guatemala.
Inhabits in warm and semi-warm climate, from 200 and 2000msnm. It is a wild plant, although it is also cultivated in familiar or solar orchards, with ornamental or medicinal purpose. It is associated with tropical forests deciduous, subcaducifolio, subperennifolio and perennifolio.
There is very little chemical information on T. mexicana and two of the three localized works were conducted in Mexico. The isoquinoline alkaloid talazine has been identified from the leaves; of the bark of the stem the sesquiterpeno costunólido and the sterol beta-sitosterol; and quinone 2-6-dimethoxy-1 -4-benzoquinone from the stem of the stem.
The seeds and bark contain an essential oil, the bitter principle talaumina presents reaction of alkaloids, a resinous glucoside, resin and oxalic and mélic acids.
It has been shown that the aqueous extract of the leaf of Yoloxóchitl presented hypertensive and hypotensive activity in animal model (cats) when it was administered intravenously; The tincture of the plant stimulated the skeletal muscle of the cat when injected intravenously, and the ethanolic extract applied on the skin of which did not cause a sensitization reaction in it.
It was found that the aqueous extract more than its marked stimulating action of the heart, has vasoconstricting and hypotensive properties. The results about the pharmacological action of the aqueous and alcoholic extract were verified in cats.
Clinical studies conducted at the National Medical Institute, indicated that the seeds and particularly the cortex of the yoloxóchitl exert an effect on the circulation, the muscular system and the heart so that in patients with mitral insufficiency increases the amplitude of the pulse, regularizes and retards the contractions of the heart, but by prolonging its use, the pulse becomes arrhythmic again, and accumulates its effects in the body, so it is recommended to use it in a short period.
In the experiments that have been carried out in order to know the way of acting of the Yoloxóchil, it has become clear that it really has a marked cardiotonic action similar to the digital but presenting on this great advantages such as: the aqueous extract is absorbed very quickly intravenously, and therefore not to accumulate, since the cardiac muscle fiber destroys it in a short time, there is no danger of getting used to it.
The yoloxóchitl or flower of the heart is widely recommended to cure various cardiac affections, uses referred to in Oaxaca, Puebla and Veracruz.
To mitigate heart pain, the plant is used together with lemon balm, rue, orange, lime and lemon cojoyos, all these components are rested in brandy and the resulting liquid is smeared on the patient’s body, a ribbon is wrapped and tied in the head; or, prepare a macerated with the crust in a liter of refining and a quarter of wine, take a spoonful on an empty stomach until the patient improves.
When there is inflammation of the heart, in Guerrero it is recommended to drink the decoction of the acorn, with the leaves and the stem of yoloxóchitl. In Hidalgo, as a remedy for cardiac rheumatism or to control the pressure, the cooking of the heart flower is prepared together with those of manita (Chiranthodendron pentadactylon), tila (Tilia mexicana) and magnolia (Magnolia sp.).
To cure diseases of the heart, circulation and nerves, it is applied in combination with the magnolia (Magnolia grandiflora), the three lemon balms, and the manita flower. It is considered a hot plant, so it is combined with plants of a “fresh” or “cordial” nature to obtain a temperate compound.
In addition, the infusion of the flower, ingested three times a day, serves to heal the nerves, or taken as water of time, is used in cases of sterility. Macerated bark in refinement and wine, take a spoonful on an empty stomach to improve, to remove the scare. It is used as a tea to cool the person who has fever or fevers.
It is recommended to combine it with cocoa (Theobroma cacao) against mental retardation. Likewise, its therapeutic use is mentioned, without giving more information, for stomach pain, headache and dizziness, and against parasites, heartbeat, mitral insufficiency and fright.
Plant quality: cold
Botánica. Basurto F. 1982; De Ávila A. 1986; Espadas M. y Zita G. 1982; Espinosa J. 1985; Evangelista V. y cols. 1991; García S. 1984; Gutiérrez A. 1989; Hernández-Cerda E. 1980; Instituto de Ecología 1991; López E. 1988; Mata S. 1983; Santos M. 1988; Sentiés A. 1984.
Ecología. Basurto F. 1982; Cabrera y cols. 1984; De Ávila A. 1986; Espadas M. y Zita G. 1982; Espinosa J. 1985; Hernández E. 1980; Martínez M. A. 1991.
Etnobotánica. Aguilar, J. 1990; Basurto F. 1982; De Ávila A. 1986; Espadas M. y Zita G. 1982; Espinosa J. 1985; Evangelista B. y cols. 1991; García S. 1984; Gutiérrez M. A. 1989; Instituto de Ecología 1991; López E. 1988; Martínez, M. A. 1991; Mata S. 1983; Santos M. 1988; Sentíes A. 1984a;Sentíes A. 1984b.
Antropología. Linares E. 1990.
Historia. Cabrera L. 1958 (1943); De la Cruz M. 1964 (1552); Estrada E. 1989 (Códice Florentino. 1548-1582); Flores F. 1982 (1886); Hernández F. 1959 (1571-1576); Herrera F. 1921; López G. 1982 (1672); Martínez M. 1969 (1934); Sociedad Farmacéutica de México. 1952.
Química. Collera O. 1963; Hausen B. M. 1978; Lozoya X. 1980; Martínez M., 1946.
Farmacología. Calderón C. 1983; Hausen B. M. 1978; Hernández A. 1947; Lozoya X. 1980; Pardo E. G. 1951; Terrés J. en Martínez M. 1946; Pérez R. y Roca J. 1937; Pérez R. y Roca J. 1938.
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