• Clinical data 80%
  • Efficacy 80%
  • Security 80%
  • Toxicity 20%

Synonyms

Casimiroa pringlei Wats., Casimiroa pubescens Ram., Casimiroa watsoni Engl.

General appearance

Evergreen tree 6-10 m tall, with wide crown and thick trunk with gray bark and cracked with age. Leaves long petiolate, fingered, usually with 5 leaflets, although sometimes there are leaves with 3 and 7 leaflets. These are elliptical or oval to broadly ovate, 10-18 cm long, acute or acuminate. Make bright green. Margin sometimes somewhat wavy.

Flowers pentámeras in short panicles, yellowish green or whitish, fragrant. Fruits drupáceos, rounded, yellowish or greenish, about 10 cm in diameter, somewhat tempered, although the shape depends on the variety. The skin is thin and the pulp is yellowish, buttery, with a sweet taste.

It contains 2-5 large seeds.

Major chemical constituents

Rich in organic matter, nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus mainly.

Medical uses of Casimiroa edulis

It is used in folk medicine in case of insomnia and rheumatic pains. In high doses it can be deadly.

Pharmacology

Apparently the bark, leaves and especially the seeds contain a glycoside that has hypnotic and sedative properties, healing and hypotensive arterial, antidiarrheal.

Safety and Precautions

The fruit is nutritious and edible, but should be consumed in moderation (Argueta, 2012).

The seeds can be toxic, avoid ingesting them in any quantity.

Avoid ingesting preparations made from the leaves, bark or seeds during pregnancy and lactation.

People who are currently taking anti-hypertensive or anticoagulant (blood thinners) medications should first consult with a healthcare provider before taking any products made from this plant.

More information: http://www.herbalsafety.utep.edu/herbal-fact-sheets/white-zapote/

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