• Clinical data 80%
  • Efficacy 80%
  • Security 90%
  • Toxicity 10%

Synonyms

Cecropia schiedeana Klotzsch; Cecropia mexicana Hemsley.

General appearance

Tree that reaches 20m in height, which is distinguished at first sight by its large palmate leaves in the form of an outstretched hand, are at the tips of the branches and have a milky juice. The flowers are separated by a mass of white hairs. The fruits are very small and contain a seed. The stems are usually inhabited by ants.

Species native to tropical America. It lives in warm, semi-warm and temperate climates from sea level to 1500m. Present in disturbed vegetation derived from tropical deciduous forest, subcaducifolio, subperenlifolio or evergreen, sometimes associated with xerophilous scrub of cacti or cedar, in grassland and mixed forest of oak-pine.

Major chemical constituents

In a preliminary phytochemical assay, sterols and tannins from the pyrogallol group were found.

Rhamnose, glucose and xylose sugars were identified, as well as the 5- (ethoxy) -methyl furfural isolated as hydrolysis products of the leaves of the plant. It was also isolated and identified the stigmasterol and three compounds (two of them isomers); 4-ethyl-5- (n-3-valeroyl) -6-hexahydrocoumarin, and l- (2-methyl-1-nonen-8-yl) -aziridine. From the hexanic extract of the plant (leaves) it was possible to characterize beta-sitosterol.

Medicinal uses

Cecropia obtusifolia is commonly used in the treatment of diabetes. The infusion of the leaves, branches, bark or root is used as water of time, and it is also applied in fomentations in the stomach during the morning and in the afternoon. To regulate blood pressure and to resolve kidney problems in general, it is recommended to cut the root of the side where the sun is born and divide it into nine parts, these are boiled in water and the resulting liquid is drunk on an empty stomach for nine days.

It is used against the scorpion sting, which produces “tethering”, tingling in the tongue, a lot of saliva, feeling “to have a scouring pad in the throat”, “you can not breathe well” and “grabs body fatigue” ” To counteract this effect the damaged part is washed with the cooking of the leaf or it is taken sweetened with stick honey

In burns, the guarumbo leaf ground with pink oil or the decoction of the leaves with salt are used in baths, fomentations and poultices. For ulcers caused by the chewing gum bite, the leaves are roasted on a comal and ground until a very fine powder is left which is placed directly on the affected area. The sap of this tree is applied on the warts.

As an analgesic (including body pain) or antipyretic, a general bath with the decoction of the leaves is recommended. With other plants it is taken care of after the delivery.

 

Other uses that are given to this plant are: for asthma, lung disease, liver disease, rheumatism, birth, obesity, heart disease, nerves, fever, body aches and dropsy.

It is attributed properties as antitussive, and diuretic.

Pharmacology.

The aqueous extract of the leaves produces hyperlipidaemic activity in the dog, when administered intravenously, as well as a hypoglycemic action in pancratectomized animals and with pancreatectomy and duodenoctomy. Effect reproduced in mouse, when the extract was administered intraperitoneally and gastric intubation. The hypotensive action in rats is also described when the extract of the leaves is applied intravenously.

Toxicity.

The lyophilized aqueous extract of the leaves caused tachycardia in rats when administered intravenously at doses of 10mg / kg.

More information: http://www.medicinatradicionalmexicana.unam.mx/monografia.php?l=3&t=Cecropia%20obtusifolia&id=7649

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