- Clinical data 70%
- Efficacy 70%
- Security 70%
- Toxicity 30%
Tree 12 to 15m high. The leaves have sharp edges, are smooth on the front and hairy on the back. The flower is bright red, is solitary and has the appearance of a hand with claws. The fruits are woody capsules that carry in their interior blackish seeds with a yellow protuberance.
Original from Mexico. It inhabits in warm, semi-warm and temperate climates from 200 and 2600msnm. Wild plant associated with mountain mesophilic forest in the states of Mexico, Morelos, Michoacán, Guerrero, Oaxaca and Chiapas.
Major chemical constituents
Chemical studies of this plant mention that it contains a large amount of mucilage. It contains a red pigment consisting of a glycoside composed of an aglycone, plus 3 molecules of glucose and 3 of gallic acid. In the flowers, the presence of an alkaloid and a glucoside was detected.
Medical uses of Chiranthodendron pentadactylon
It is often used to heal the heart. In Guanajuato, for this purpose an infusion prepared with the flower is ingested, to which flower of lime, magnolia and yoloxóchitl is added. And in Hidalgo, in addition to being used to cure the ills of the heart, it is used to regulate the pressure (V. heart pain).
Mention is made of its medicinal use in attacks, headache, dizziness, postpartum and to prevent the child from sighing (sobbing) too much.
A polar extract of the flowers, administered intraperitoneally in the mouse at a dose of 300 mg / kg, exerted an anticholinergic effect, observing piloerection, slight loss of muscle tone, catatonia and increased pupillary diameter.
Plant originally from Mexico of very old use. Its application as a cardiac stimulant has been validated experimentally.